Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook

Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook

The Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook: Understanding the Key Elements

The Paris Climate Agreement, signed in 2015, represents a landmark global effort to combat climate change. The agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. After several years of negotiations, the rulebook of the Paris Agreement was adopted at the 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24) held in Katowice, Poland, in 2018. The Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook establishes a set of guidelines and procedures for the implementation of the agreement, to ensure transparency, accountability, and coherence among the participating countries. In this article, we will explore the key elements of the Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook.

Transparency and Reporting

One of the main objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook is to ensure that participating countries are transparent about their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. The rulebook establishes a common framework for reporting and review of countries` emissions targets, progress, and support. Each country is required to submit regular reports on its greenhouse gas emissions, policies, and actions, using a standardized set of guidelines and templates. The reports will be subject to a technical review and assessment by independent experts, as well as a peer review by other countries.

Accounting of Emissions Reductions

The Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook establishes common accounting rules for tracking and reporting emissions reductions and removals. This includes guidelines for measuring, reporting, and verifying emissions and removals from land use, land-use change, and forestry activities. The rulebook also establishes a new market mechanism, known as the Sustainable Development Mechanism, to support emissions reductions and sustainable development in developing countries.

Global Stocktake

The Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook includes provisions for a global stocktake, a review of the collective progress towards the agreement`s goals. The stocktake will take place every five years, starting in 2023, and will provide a comprehensive assessment of the state of climate action, identifying gaps and opportunities for further action. The stocktake will be informed by the national reports of participating countries, as well as by independent assessments and other sources of information.


The Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook also recognizes the importance of adaptation to the impacts of climate change. The rulebook establishes a process for assessing and addressing the adaptation needs and priorities of developing countries. It also encourages the integration of climate adaptation considerations in national and sectoral planning processes.


The Paris Climate Agreement Rulebook represents an important step towards realizing the objectives of the Paris Agreement. By establishing transparent and accountable processes for reporting, accounting, and review, the rulebook aims to build trust and confidence among participating countries and ensure progress towards the common goal of limiting global warming. With its comprehensive provisions on transparency, accounting, and adaptation, the rulebook provides a solid framework for effective climate action. However, the success of the Paris Agreement ultimately depends on the political will and commitment of all countries to implement the agreement`s provisions and step up their efforts to address the urgent challenge of climate change.